Can Fibromyalgia Cause Dizziness

Can Fibromyalgia Cause Dizziness? Strategies for Coping and Healing

Fibromyalgia, a chronic pain disorder impacting millions globally, features widespread pain, fatigue, sleep issues, headaches, and cognitive problems. Dizziness is a prevalent symptom in those with fibromyalgia.

Dizziness is a feeling of lightheadedness, unsteadiness, or a spinning sensation. Various factors, including problems with the brain or the nervous system, can cause it. Research has shown that individuals with fibromyalgia are more likely to experience dizziness than those without the condition. 

The exact reason for dizziness in fibromyalgia isn’t entirely clear, but it’s thought to stem from autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Though not life-threatening, dizziness greatly affects daily life, including work and social interactions.

Therefore, individuals with fibromyalgia must be aware of the potential link between the condition and dizziness and seek medical attention if they experience this symptom.

Understanding Fibromyalgia and Dizziness

Fibromyalgia is a musculoskeletal disorder leading to widespread pain, fatigue, and various symptoms, including dizziness.

Dizziness is a feeling of lightheadedness, faintness, or unsteadiness. It can also be accompanied by nausea, headache, and other symptoms. People with fibromyalgia may sometimes experience vertigo, a feeling of spinning or whirling.

The exact cause of dizziness in fibromyalgia is not fully understood. However, researchers believe it may be related to how fibromyalgia affects the nerves that control balance.

Besides vertigo, individuals with fibromyalgia might encounter additional dizziness, like balance problems, raising the risk of falls and injuries. 

If experiencing dizziness, those with fibromyalgia should consult their healthcare provider for potential treatments, including medication and interventions like physical therapy to enhance balance and minimize fall risks.

Can Fibromyalgia Cause Dizziness

Shared Symptoms and Mechanisms

Dizziness and poor balance are common complaints among people with fibromyalgia. In fact, around two-thirds of people with fibromyalgia report having problems with dizziness or balance. These symptoms can be severely debilitating and lead to regular injuries.

There are several shared symptoms and mechanisms between fibromyalgia and dizziness. For example, both fibromyalgia and dizziness can be caused by stress, anxiety, and depression. In addition, both conditions can be associated with sensitivity to light and sound, chest pain, and low blood sugar.

Fibromyalgia pain can also be a contributing factor to dizziness. The pain associated with fibromyalgia can cause muscles to tense up, leading to headaches and migraines. These headaches can be accompanied by dizziness, blurred vision, and tinnitus.

There are several mechanisms by which fibromyalgia can cause dizziness. One possible mechanism is abnormalities in the nervous system. 

The nervous system regulates blood pressure and heart rate, and abnormalities in these systems can lead to hypotension or low blood pressure. Hypotension can cause dizziness and fainting.

Another possible mechanism is through injuries. Fibromyalgia patients are more likely to experience falls and injuries due to poor balance and dizziness. These injuries can lead to further pain and exacerbate existing symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Impact on Life Quality

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that profoundly affects the quality of life. Symptoms like widespread pain, fatigue, and cognitive issues hinder daily functioning. Pain, a severe symptom, limits tasks like dressing or cooking. Reduced physical activity worsens symptoms and overall health.

Fatigue is a frequent fibromyalgia symptom, complicating routine tasks. This can lower productivity and raise stress. Yoga and tai chi aid in stress management and enhancing well-being.

Cognitive dysfunction, also known as “fibro fog,” is another common symptom of fibromyalgia. This can include memory, concentration, and problem-solving difficulty, making it difficult to perform tasks requiring mental focus and attention.

Apart from the mentioned symptoms, fibromyalgia can induce dizziness, balance issues, and difficulty with upright posture, hampering daily tasks and raising fall risks. Those with fibromyalgia often experience migraines and headaches, compounding the symptoms and reducing their overall quality of life.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing fibromyalgia can be challenging since there are no specific laboratory tests or imaging studies to confirm the diagnosis. 

Typically, doctors will evaluate a patient’s symptoms and medical history, perform a physical exam, and rule out other conditions that could be causing the symptoms. 

In the past, doctors checked 18 body points for pain, but this isn’t the main way to diagnose fibromyalgia anymore.

Fibromyalgia treatment aims to ease symptoms and enhance life quality. While there’s no cure, a mix of meds, lifestyle changes, and self-care can help. 

Common fibromyalgia meds include antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs, sedatives, tranquilizers, beta-blockers, and benzodiazepines.

Drugs like duloxetine and milnacipran ease pain, fatigue, and sleep issues. Pregabalin and gabapentin, anti-seizure meds, can also reduce pain and improve sleep.

Sedatives and tranquilizers may be prescribed to help with sleep disturbances, while beta-blockers and benzodiazepines can help alleviate anxiety and depression.

Alongside medication, adopting a healthy lifestyle with exercise, stress control, and a balanced diet can aid in fibromyalgia symptom management. 

Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and counseling might also be advised as part of a holistic treatment approach.

Can Fibromyalgia Cause Dizziness

Lifestyle Management

While there is no cure for fibromyalgia, lifestyle changes can help manage symptoms such as dizziness. Here are some tips for managing dizziness related to fibromyalgia:


Regular exercise can diminish dizziness, enhance balance, and benefit individuals with fibromyalgia. Low-impact activities like walking, swimming, and cycling are recommended. Begin gradually and progressively boost exercise intensity and duration.

Physical Activity

In addition to exercise, staying active throughout the day can help reduce dizziness and improve overall health. Simple activities such as standing up and stretching, taking short walks, and doing household chores can all help.

Yoga and Tai Chi

Yoga and tai chi are calming exercises that improve balance, reduce dizziness, induce relaxation, and help manage fibromyalgia.

Relaxation Techniques

Stress and anxiety exacerbate fibromyalgia symptoms, including dizziness. Techniques like deep breathing, meditation, and muscle relaxation aid in stress reduction and relaxation.


Fibromyalgia sufferers might experience dizziness from specific edibles and beverages. Common triggers encompass caffeine, alcohol, and processed foods. Opting for a nutritious diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can mitigate dizziness and enhance well-being.


Weather changes can also trigger dizziness in people with fibromyalgia. Extreme temperatures, high humidity, and changes in barometric pressure can all be triggers. Staying hydrated and avoiding extreme temperatures can help reduce the risk of dizziness.


In summary, fibromyalgia is an intricate disorder with diverse symptoms, including dizziness. The underlying cause of dizziness in fibromyalgia is not completely known, but experts speculate it could be tied to alterations in pain signal processing in the brain.

Treatment choices for dizziness in fibromyalgia encompass medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle adjustments. Collaborating closely with healthcare professionals is vital for individuals with fibromyalgia to devise a tailored treatment strategy that targets their distinct symptoms and requirements.

In addition to medical treatment, lifestyle management can also play a key role in managing dizziness in fibromyalgia. This may include strategies such as staying hydrated, exercising regularly, and avoiding triggers such as bright lights or loud noises.

Diagnosis of fibromyalgia can be challenging, as no single test can definitively diagnose the condition. Instead, diagnosis typically involves ruling out other possible causes of symptoms and evaluating a person’s medical history and physical exam.

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